Garbage incinerators

Incineration is a waste treatment method that involves burning the organic matter in the waste material. Incineration and other high-temperature waste management processes are called “thermal operations.” Specifically, this process involves the conversion of waste materials into ash, flue gas, and heat. Ash is mainly composed of mineral components of waste and can be removed by chimneys in solid form or solid particles. Before flue gases are released into the air, they must be cleaned of particulate and gaseous pollutants. Sometimes, the heat generated is used to generate electricity.

Among the waste-to-energy technologies, incineration is older, and in the past, incineration was done without material separation, and recyclable materials were not used, which caused more damage to the environment.

Incineration reduces the volume of waste by 95%, and this reduction depends on the composition of the material. This means that incineration does not replace the need for landfill, but reduces its amount.

An incinerator can be thought of as a furnace where waste is burned. Modern waste incinerators are equipped with environmental pollution improvement systems that play their role in purifying flue gas and other toxic substances.


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